Author Topic: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS  (Read 227 times)

Offline Dr Nneka

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SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« on: October 16, 2020, 12:34:10 AM »
SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS

Vaccine against human papilloma virus (HPV)
Most gynecological cancers are caused by HPV, a very common sexually transmitted virus.  Cervical, vulva and vaginal are gynecological cancers that can be caused by HPV. Fortunately, HPV vaccine protects against these cancers. The HPV vaccination is recommended for preteens aged 11 to 12 years but it can be given starting from the age of 9. The vaccine is not recommended for anyone older than 26 years. However, adults from 27 years to 45 years can ask for HPV vaccination through their doctor if they are faced with risk of HPV infection. According to literature, once one is exposed to HPV, vaccination at certain age range such as 27 – 45 years is no longer beneficial because HPV vaccination only prevents new infection but does not treat existing infections or diseases.
When HPV vaccine is given before 15 years of age, a two dose schedule is recommended and doses are given at 6 months intervals. In a situation where the vaccine is giving after 15 years, a 3 times shots is recommended.


 Use of screening tests
Another measure against gynecological cancer is screening tests. Screening tests are meant to look for existence of diseases before they manifest symptoms. In gynecological cancer, early detection is the key and this can lead to more effective treatments. However, screening test for early detection can only be carried out in the case of cervical cancer. In this case, the Pap test is used to detect the cancer early and find cell changes on the cervix. Another screening test is the HPV test which can be used to detect HPV infection.

Able to recognize the warning signs
Our ability to recognize the warning signs can help one fight against the gynecological cancers. This is a very important strategy since only cervical cancer can be screened and there is no simple/reliable way to screen other types of gynecological cancers. Always seek the advice of your doctor once you notice any risk sign for gynecological cancer especially when you notice symptoms such as;
Bloating, changes in vulva color or skin, abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, changes in bathroom habits, pelvic pain or pressure, abdominal or back pain and itching or burning of the vulva.


Avoid smoking
There is a common saying that smoking is dangerous to your health; it can damage almost every organ and their system in your body. Smoking increases the risk of cervical, vulvar, vaginal and ovarian cancers; and avoiding smoking reduces your risk of getting these gynecological cancers.

Adhering to healthy lifestyle
Maintaining a healthy weight, being active and eating a healthy diet can help reduce one’s risk of developing gynecological cancers. Diets such as vegetables, lean proteins, fruit and whole grains are capable of reducing the risk of having gynecological cancers. Below are some nutrition to prevent gynecological cancers:
–   asparagus,
–   carrots,
–   spinach,
–   tomatoes,
–   cauliflower,
–   broccoli
According to study findings by World cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research, evidence suggests that consuming these non-starchy vegetables, and fruits such as papaya, oranges and tubers like sweet potatoes may decrease the risk of some gynecological cancers such as ovarian, cervical and uterine cancers.


Do not hide your health related issues from your doctor
Up to 10% of cancer cases are hereditary. To rule out the issues of cancer heredity risk, you doctor must know your health related family history. Genetic test is often recommended when one is at high risk of having cancer due to hereditary.

Thank you
Dr Nneka


***
For more reading
Lawson, J.S., Glenn, W.K. Evidence for a causal role by human papillomaviruses in prostate cancer – a systematic review. Infect Agents Cancer 15, 41 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13027-020-00305-8
https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/knowledge/index.htm
https://www.cancercenter.com/community/blog/2017/09/what-you-need-to-know-about-gynecologic…r/
https://www.nfcr.org/blog/6-ways-reduce-risk-gynecologic-cancer/
https://www.pennmedicine.org/cancer/about/focus-on-cancer/2014/january/foods-that-fight-gynecologic-cancer

Offline daisychiji

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #1 on: October 16, 2020, 08:16:26 PM »
Thanks a lot  :). This article has been very informative.

Offline Dr Nneka

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #2 on: October 18, 2020, 01:13:50 AM »
Thanks Dr Daisy, I'm glad to hear that!!

Offline Temilade Aruya

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #3 on: October 18, 2020, 01:25:45 AM »
 : Nice and informative, well said but I found out that most of the preventive foods for gynaecological cancer are foreign and not easy to come by, only tomatoes and carrots are native to us. What other local options can you suggest.

  Thank you.

Offline Dr Nneka

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #4 on: October 18, 2020, 11:58:26 AM »
Thank you dear Temilade, glad to know. I think one can still use green bean, water leave, water melon, cabbage. We have sweet potatoes, pawpaw, avocado pear, oranges in our local markets. 

Offline Akhonka

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #5 on: October 23, 2020, 03:34:29 PM »
Great info thanks

Offline Dr Nneka

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Re: SIMPLE MEASURES TO COMBAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS
« Reply #6 on: October 24, 2020, 12:30:23 PM »
Thanks :D :D